New England Waterfalls


Lincoln, New Hampshire

RATING: 5.0 / 5.0 stars (Outstanding) Avalanche Falls, The Flume, New Hampshire
(see below for larger image and additional photographs)
STATE: New Hampshire
COUNTY: Grafton
TOWN: Lincoln
PARK: Franconia Notch State Park
TYPE: Plunges, horsetails, and cascades
HEIGHT: Avalanche Falls is 45 feet; Liberty Cascade is 70 feet
WATER SOURCE: Flume Brook, Cascade Brook, and the Pemigewasset River
TRAIL LENGTH: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
TRAIL DIFFICULTY: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
HIKING TIME: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
ALTITUDE GAIN: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
WHEN TO VISIT: Early-May to mid-October
SWIMMING: Not Possible and/or Prohibited
DELORME ATLAS: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
DOGS ALLOWED: Not Allowed (this is a strict rule set by the state park)
COST TO VISIT: Yes (a per-person fee is charged; bring cash or debit/credit card)
LENS TO BRING: Wide-angle (14-35mm) and/or standard (35-70mm)
ALTERNATE NAMES: The Flume, Flume Gorge, The Flume Gorge, Liberty Gorge Cascade, Avalanche Falls, The Pool, Langston Cascades
GPS-TRAILHEAD: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
GPS-WATERFALL: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
COMPASS: Included within the New England Waterfalls guidebook
INCLUDED IN BOOK?: Yes, the falls are included as a full chapter within the guidebook
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This just may be the most popular waterfall hike in New England. A trip to the Flume-Pool Loop, or The Flume as it is known to so many, has long been a favorite for families, hikers, photographers, and sightseers. This is no surprise really, considering the variety of natural features offered on the 2-mile loop trail. Along the way you will get your daily dose of waterfalls, covered bridges, glacial boulders, a long flume, and one of the deepest pools below a waterfall in the region.

The first waterfall you visit, Table Rock, is more of a slide than a waterfall. At Table Rock, granite has been weathered by Flume Brook for thousands of years. This waterslide is quite large: about 500 feet long and 75 feet wide.

The next falls is Avalanche Falls, located at mile 0.7 of the trip and the near the end of the boardwalk within the Flume Gorge. The falls was supposedly formed during the great storm of 1883. This waterfall is a major highlight of the hike, and can therefore be extremely crowded. It can be difficult to snap photographs of the falls without fellow visitors in the frame. You may be hurried along the boardwalk trail due to the flow of the crowds, unless you arrive early in the day or come on the offseason. To beat some of the crowds, continue hiking to the top of the falls, where you can enjoy a birds-eye view of this 45-foot tall plunge.

After Avalanche Falls, continue along the loop to a short spur trail that leads to a view of Liberty Cascade. This waterfall is a 70-foot clear-water horsetail. Considerably sunnier than its nearby neighbor, Liberty Cascade is perfect for photographs. The gorge is highly exposed to the sun and although there is only one viewpoint of the falls from an observation platform, you really should not miss this. It is perhaps the prettiest of all the waterfalls here.

The final scenic wonder of the trip is called “The Pool.” Very large in size, 40 feet deep, and 150 feet in diameter, The Pool is located in a deep basin of the Pemigewasset River. Viewpoints from the trail extend around the pool, offering just about every perspective possible. If swimming were allowed, this pool would be one of the top swimming holes in New England. However, The Pool is off-limits, probably due to both the intense popularity of the loop, and to the difficulty one would have entering and exiting.

Take note that pets are not permitted on this hike. Opportunities for recreation with your pets within Franconia Notch State Park is nearly limitless, though, and some trips begin right from The Flume's parking area. Accessible right from the parking lot is the paved 8.8-mile Franconia Notch Recreation Path and a moderately difficult 3.2-mile round-trip hike to fine views from ledges on Mt. Pemigewasset. Both of these outdoor adventures are highly recommended.


Trail information and directions for this particular waterfall can be found in the latest edition of the guidebook: New England Waterfalls.


Trail information and directions for this particular waterfall can be found in the latest edition of the guidebook: New England Waterfalls.



If you know of any updates to this waterfall, or notice any errors either on this website and/or within the New England Waterfalls guidebook, please send me an email at or leave a Facebook comment at the bottom of this page. Updates to all of the waterfalls in the latest edition of the guidebook can always be found here: book updates


None noted.


Avalanche Falls in low water conditions, The Flume, New Hampshire
Avalanche Falls in low water conditions, The Flume, New Hampshire

Liberty Cascade, The Flume, New Hampshire
Liberty Cascade, The Flume, New Hampshire

Liberty Cascade, The Flume, New Hampshire
Liberty Cascade, The Flume, New Hampshire

Avalanche Falls, The Flume, New Hampshire
Avalanche Falls, The Flume, New Hampshire

the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire
the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire

the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire
the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire

the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire
the boardwalk within The Flume, New Hampshire


The 3rd edition of the New England Waterfalls guidebook contains 552-pages of detailed information on hundreds of waterfalls throughout all corners of New England. This 3rd edition has been completely updated and it is the first to be printed in FULL COLOR! Click on the image below to explore some sample pages of the guidebook on

New England Waterfalls guidebook

Over 20,000 copies sold!

also available on...


Here are some tips to help ensure that your trip to New England's waterfalls and swimming holes will be a safe and enjoyable one:
  • DON'T FORGET THE ESSENTIALS - When you visit waterfalls, you should consider bringing all of the following: (a) bug spray; (b) food/snacks; (c) water/sports drinks; (d) camera/smart-phone; (e) guidebook/trail map; (f) daypack/backpack; and (g) hiking shoes, hiking boots or watershoes. A full day hiking packing list can be found here.
  • CONSIDER BUYING WATER SHOES - You won't see too many people using them, but watershoes are fantastic pieces of equipment that can make your trip to waterfalls and swimming holes safer and more enjoyable. Merrill and Keen make some fantastic watershoes (here are some great ones from Merrill: womens / mens).
  • LEAVE NO TRACE - When you visit waterfalls and swimming holes, you'll often see some trash and sometimes you'll even find clothing left behind by others. It's really, really sad, and it irks the heck out of us. Won't you consider carrying out some of trash and clothing left by others when you leave? That would leave the spot more beautiful for the next person. Bring a trash bag and be a hero!
  • PRIVATE PROPERTY - Many waterfalls and swimming holes are located on private property and so we are truly fortunate that many landowners allow us to enjoy them. If you want to ensure that they stay open to the public, please do your best to leave no trace. If you see a sign that says 'Private Property', turn around and find another waterfall to visit or a different place to swim.
  • BRING A DSLR CAMERA AND TRIPOD WITH YOU - If you want to take high-quality photographs of waterfalls, your smart-phone just won't cut it. Get a DSLR camera, a tripod, and learn to master the art of waterfall photography.
  • SCOUT FIRST, SWIM SECOND - Never enter a swimming hole without first scouting it, even if you see somebody else swimming in it. Stop and access the risks based upon the depth of water, the power of the current, evidence of slippery rocks, and other safety factors.
  • CLIFF JUMPING - Cliff jumping is dangerous. Like, seriously dangerous. Understand the risks before you partake in this activity. Many have died from doing this in New England. Here is a list of all known deaths at waterfalls and swimming holes in New England.
  • PLEASE DON'T BUILD ROCK CAIRNS - Please do not build new rock cairns at waterfalls or swimming holes. Cairns are a strong reminder of human presence, and don't we all want to see waterfalls in their natural state and glory? Photographers get particularly annoyed at seeing cairns, so please resist the urge to build them.
  • DON'T RELY ON YOUR GPS TO GET YOU TO THE TRAILHEAD - Waterfalls don't have addresses, so relying on your GPS to get you to a trailhead is great way to get yourself lost. You need a guidebook, a road atlas, and/or a hiking map to visit the vast majority of waterfalls in New England. Also keep in mind that waterfalls are often located in wild areas, where smart-phone map apps and car GPS units may not work at all.
  • WATERFALLS IN SPRING - The best time to visit waterfalls is generally in the spring during the annual snowmelt (which is April to June). However, most waterfalls will often look great for several days after a significant rain storm.
  • HELP KEEP THE ULTRA-SECRET SWIMMING HOLES A SECRET (FOREVER) - If you find some ultra-secret swimming holes, please do your best to keep them a secret. Do not post their locations online or wildly share directions or photos with others. All of the swimming holes that are included in the guidebook and online through this website are the well-known swimming spots. There are many more holes that are much further off the beaten path, but they deserve a chance to stay wild and pristine.
  • DON'T SCRAMBLE UP WATERFALLS - So many people been seriously injured and killed in the waterfalls of New England. Many of these folks got too close to a waterfall and slipped and fell. Don't become a statistic: stay far back from the edge.
  • WEAR TRACTION IF YOU VISIT WATERFALLS IN WINTER - Visiting waterfalls in winter can be rewarding, but there is often a higher element of danger. You may need crampons, snowshoes, and/or some other form of traction (like Microspikes) in order to safely hike to waterfalls in winter.
  • SUPPORT NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS THAT CONSERVE WATERFALLS & SWIMMING HOLES - There are some organizations in New England that work diligently to conserve and maintain waterfalls and swimming holes. Please consider supporting these organizations, either with their trail maintenance projects or with monetary donations. Here are three excellent organizations engaged in this extremely important mission: the Trustees of Reservations, the Vermont River Conservancy and the Nature Conservancy.


Here are some helpful links to help you explore and enjoy more waterfalls and hikes throughout New England:
  • Waterfalls of Connecticut = link
  • Waterfalls of Maine = link
  • Waterfalls of Massachusetts = link
  • Waterfalls of New Hampshire = link
  • Waterfalls of Rhode Island = link
  • Waterfalls of Vermont = link
  • Best Waterfalls in New England = link
  • Best Swimming Holes in New England = link
  • Top 25 Day Hikes in New England = link
  • Top 25 Family-Friendly Day Hikes in New England = link
  • Waterfalls Near Boston, Massachusetts = link
  • Waterfalls Near Lincoln, New Hampshire = link
  • Waterfalls Near North Conway, New Hampshire = link
  • Waterfalls Near Stowe, Vermont = link
  • Waterfall Photography Tips = link


In addition to the New England Waterfalls guidebook, there are several other guidebooks that can help you find waterfalls and swimming holes:
  • Vermont Waterfalls (1st Edition: 2015) = link
  • Hiking Waterfalls in New England: A Guide to the Region's Best Waterfall Hikes (1st Edition: 2015) = link
  • Waterfalls of the White Mountains: 30 Hikes to 100 Waterfalls (2nd Edition: 1999) = link
  • Connecticut Waterfalls (1st Edition: 2014) = link
  • Rodrick's Guide to Vermont Waterfalls, Cascades & Gorges (1st Edition: 2014) = link


Join the growing communities of waterfall aficionados on Facebook! You can share your photographs, follow the adventures of other waterfall hunters, and find new places to explore:

  • Request to join the "New England Waterfalls" community > link
  • Request to join the "New Hampshire Waterfalls" community > link
  • Request to join the "Northeastern Waterfalls" community > link
  • Request to join the "Vermont Waterfalls" community > link
  • Request to join the "Waterfalls of the United States" community > link

And if you'd like to follow the New England Waterfalls page on Facebook, click here.


Feel free to ask a question, leave a comment, and/or provide an update relevant to this waterfall below.
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Waterfalls, swimming holes, and hiking can be extremely dangerous. Hundreds of people have been injured or killed in the waterfalls and swimming holes of New England over the years. Never swim in strong water currents. Don't jump into a swimming hole without scouting it first. Do not climb up or along the side of waterfalls. Be wary of slippery rocks. Never swim in pools above waterfalls. Use of this website and all of its information is at your own risk! will not be held liable for your actions. Be safe out there - and always use common sense!

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